Around the World with the Hot Pepper

From its discovery in Toltec kingdoms to its use in modern kitchens, follow the journey of the traditional chile pepper.

| Spring 2017


This young girl holds a "ristra" - an arrangement of drying chile peppers.

Photo by Kelley Fowler/

Legend says that King Huemac, the last king of the Toltecs, married his daughter to a humble farmer who came to pay tribute in the form of his best chillis, as was the custom at the time. The princess saw how handsome the young farmer was and how faithfully he brought the best of his crop to the king, so she fell in love with him and convinced her father that she should marry the farmer instead of one of the many rich contenders. The loyal chile farmer was eventually promoted to head of the King’s Guard, causing the Toltec nobles — who resented the king’s decision — to form a coup. The uprising was successfully halted by the King’s Guard with the chile farmer as lead commander. During the celebrations that followed, the chile farmer revealed his true identity as the warrior god Tezcatlipoca.

Chileatole Recipe

From this legend, we learn that the chile pepper was a highly valued commodity that traveled from the fields to the city states of the Toltec, Aztec, and Maya and to the palaces of their kings as tribute. When the Spaniards arrived in Mexico, they classified the local chile into eight groups, all belonging to the Capsicum annuum species. Most of these Spanish classifications can still be found today with some variations.

Spanish Chile Classifications

Quauchilli (chile de árbol): These peppers were used as condiments but are no longer found.

Chiltecpin (Chiltepin): The mother of all chile peppers, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum is harvested in the wild under mesquite trees and has to pass through the guts of birds for its seeds to germinate. The tiny round pod is very flavorful and is used in condiments.

Tomalchilli (chile mirasol): This pepper is named for the upright position of the pods, which face up toward the sun. Mirasol means “looking at the sun” in Spanish.

elderberry, echinacea, bee hive


Feb. 17-18, 2018
Belton, Texas

More than 150 workshops, great deals from more than 200 exhibitors, off-stage demos, inspirational keynotes, and great food!